Present Perfect Tense Positive, Negative, Question Examples – Learninggo

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FORM:

Positive: Subject + has/have + Verb3 + Object

Negative: Subject + has’t/haven’t + Verb3 + Object

Question: (Has/Have + Subject + Verb3 + Object)?

PositiveNegativeQuestion
I  have workedI  have not workedHave I worked
You have workedYou have not workedHave you worked
She has workedShe has not workedHas he worked?
He has workedHe has not workedHas she worked?
It has workedIt has not workedHas it worked?
We have workedWe have not workedHave we worked?
You have workedYou have not workedHave you worked?
They have workedThey have not workedHave they worked?

Contraction:

‘ve = have

‘s = has

have’t = have not

hasn’t = has not

NOTE: Some verbs ar regular; other verbs are irregular.

The past participle of regular verbs ends in -ed

Example: Work ⇢ worked live ⇢ lived

When we add -ed to verbs, there are sometimes changes in spelling.

Irregular verbs have different past participle forms.

Example: go ⇢ gone do ⇢ done

** Past participle form of a verb is the third form (Verb3) of a verb.

Present Perfect Tense Example

  1. UNFINISHED PAST: The Present Perfect is used to express an action or state which began in the past and continues up to the present.

⇢ She has worked in Barcelona for five months. (She still works in Barcelona now.)

⇢ Julia and John have been married for 25 years. (They are still married now)

2. EXPERIENCE: The Present Perfect Tense is used to express an action which happened in the past and is finished, but we are not interested in when. We are interested in the experience as part of someone’s life.

⇢ Have you ever had an accident?

⇢ Have you ever been to Barcelona?

⇢ I’ ve seen Donald Trump once.

** If the time is stated, if more details are given, the tense changes to the Past Simple and the Past Continuons.

⇢ A: Have you ever seen an lion?

B: Yes, I have.

⇢ A: When did you see it?

B: Last month, in London zoo.

3. PRESENT RESULT: We also use the present perfect when the result of a past action is connected to the present.

⇢ Someone has broken the window. (The window is broken.)

⇢ We’ ve cleaned the flat. ( The flat is now clean.)

⇢ They taxi has arrived. ( The taxi is now here.)

4. We often use the Present Perfect Tense in this way to announce news.

⇢ My sister has grown a beard.

⇢ I’ ve found a new job.

⇢ Have you heard? Mary has had a baby girl.

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